I. BRIEF HISTORY:
The Abra Constabulary Command with station at Camp Juan Villamor, Bangued, Abra was organized in August 1945 and designated as Abra Military Police Command (PA) by authority of General Orders, HPA. The authority creating this command is no longer available in records. This command was under the supervision and logistic support of the AFWESPAC. It was initially established its Headquarters at Poblacion, Bangued, Abra, a municipality which was completely devastated by the Allied Forces bombs on March 1945. In the later part of 1945, it was moved to its present site which was also the site of the former PA Cadre at Sitio Nagtang-o, Barangay Calaba, Bangued, Abra. On January 1947, the then Military Police Command was deactivated and renamed Headquarters Abra Constabulary Command with authority under AFP TO & E 17-15-(5) PC type V province with an authorized strength of two (2) Officers and thirteen (13) Enlisted Personnel only.
This command has a lone PC Company – the 123rd PC Company which is likewise with the Provincial Headquarters. Its present name was contributed from its former name – 29th PC Company which was likewise the former 1st Abra PC Company but was defunct pursuant to GO# 115, GHQ AFP dated 10 March 1954. On 25 August 1966, its name was implemented pursuant to GO# 12 HPC dated 26 July 1966 and Radio Message IZC 08-261 HIPOZ dated 25 August 1966 and further implemented by Paragraph 1 SO#14 Hqs Abra CC dated 26 August 1966.
On 15 May 1981, the 125th PC Company was activated pursuant to GO# 468, Section 1, GHQ AFP dated 27 May 1981 with its Coy Hq located at Masisiat, Baay-Licuan, Abra with an authorized strength of 4 Officers and 100 EP. Most its personnel of 123rd PC Coy and Provincial Hq.
On 19 May 1983, two (2) other PC Companies were assigned to the command from the defunct 62nd PC Battalion which was formerly assigned in the province, namely - 135th PC Company and 137th PC Company, pursuant to Section 2, G)#154 Hqs RECOM I dated 31 May 1983 with authorized strength of 4 Officers and 100 EP each.
The 1st Provincial Provost Marshall was CAPTAIN VENUSTO DONATO 0-1267 INF (PA) with ILT GERARDO T LUCERO as adjutant, ILT BIENVENIDO CAMADO, I & I Officer and ILT CONRADO CABAGUT, Signal Officer and 3 US Army Officers supervising the execution of its mission. It has under its operational control one (1) company, the 56th Military Police Company (PA) under the command of CAPT FLORENCIO RAMOS. This Company prior to its assignment to this province was trained on Police Duties at the Military Police Training School at Alabang, Muntinlupa, Rizal. Personnel of this Unit came from various PA Units after liberation who were either regulars, reserve and or member of recognized guerilla units. The American officers were detailed to this unit to supervise the primary mission of maintaining peace and order in the province. Logistical requirements were supported by the US Army at Camp Spencer, Luna, La Union and Base A, San Fernando, La Union until the control of the AFP was turned over by the US government to the Philippine government on June 1946.
Since 1945 to date, there were 43 Officers assigned as Provincial Provost Marshall, Provincial Commanders and or Officer-In-Charge of this Command.
Since the activation, the Provincial Headquarters has an authorized strength of two (2) Officers and 27 EP while in the Company, four (4) Officers and 100 EP personnel pursuant to AFP TO & E 7-15 and AFP TO & E 7-17 GHQ dated 11 December 67, respectively.
On 21 September 1972, a permanent re-organization was affected pursuant to radio message CN IZC 09-52 and IZC 09-67 from Zone Commander, IPCZ dated 17 and 19 September 1972 respectively in consonance with modified TO & E unnumbered and undated. This re-organization is only applied to Provincial Commands having only one (1) PC Company, hence, the 123rd PC Company was eventually absorbed and unified to the Provincial Headquarters, Abra Constabulary Command having three (3) Patrol Platoons where most of its field personnel are assigned. Thus, the authorized strength was 9 Officers and 162 Enlisted Personnel having shortage of 3 Officers and 78 EP.
On 22 September 1972, Presidential Proclamation Nr 1081 known as “Marshall Law” was declared by the President of the Republic of the Philippines. All General Orders, Letter of Instructions, etc from higher Headquarters were properly disseminated-implemented. One of which is Presidential Decree Nr 765 establishing and constituting the Integrated National Police composing the Philippine Constabulary as the nucleus and the INP which was established under PD 421, 482,585 and 641 as components under the Ministry of National Defense.
With the assignment of 125th PC Company and the absorption of 135th PC Company and 137th PC Company to the Command on 15 May 1981 and 19 May 1983, respectively, Abra Constabulary –INP Command consists of four (4) PC Companies with Authorized strength of 20 Officers and 397 Enlisted Personnel.
On 1991, the Philippine Constabulary and Integrated National Police integrated into Philippine National Police. At present, the Abra Provincial Public Safety Company which covers the whole province of Abra with a total strength of ninety-five (95) personnel complemented with the personnel of the Provincial Headquarters and twenty seven (27) Municipal Police Stations with a total strength of forty-three 43 Police Commissioned Officers (PCOs), five hundred eighteen 518 Police Non-Commissioned Officers (PNCOs) and ten 10 Non-Uniformed Personnel (NUPs) with a total strength of five hundred seventy-one (571) PNP personnel.